Everything You Need To Know About DIY Chicken Roosts
If you are looking for tips on how to DIY chicken roost that’s important for the hen’s welfare then this article is what you need. Get help from the basics and beyond so you can DIY the perfect chicken roost for your coop and take another step towards a flock of healthy and happy hens.
When you start raising chickens there is so much to learn, this guide will help you to set up a coop that your chickens will love to lay eggs in!
If you have ever gone into a chicken coop at night, you might think that your chickens are very sound sleepers. You can literally walk around and even pick your birds without much fuss at all. The reason for this isn’t because they are sleeping, it’s because they do not have night vision.
For that reason, chickens like to be up off the ground while they are sleeping because this helps to protect them from most predators.
To help provide a safe sleeping area for your girls even inside of a coop you will want to have a roost for them to perch on.
What is a chicken roost?
A chicken roost is a place for chickens to perch on that is up off of the ground. A ledge, a ladder, or even large sticks will do the trick. Chickens have a natural instinct to be safe after dark and will look for a place to sleep that is up off of the ground at night. And if you don’t have one, they will find one because that instinct for safety is so strong.
I realized just out how important this was one night when we could not find one of our hens. We spent quite a bit of time searching for her and as the night got darker I became more worried for her safety. After a bit, we finally found our escaped beloved hen perched in our apple tree. Her natural instinct told her to get up and out of harm’s way. I was so happy to find her safe and sound and quickly returned her to the coop with her gal pals.
We have had this happen on more than one occasion, actually. Finding hens roosting in the oddest places. This is something to be aware of if you chose to free-range your chickens. They will make a home wherever they feel the most comfortable. That can be in a tree, a fence, or even in the barn on your fresh-cut hay for your goats.
SLCG PRO TIP: If you free range your birds teach them to come when called. This is easy to do and something you can train them quite quickly. Each time you are out feeding your chickens, shake the bucket and call to them. This will teach your flock that food is coming each time they here this routine. Do the same at night calling your girls in offering a sprinkle of mealworms or chicken scratch as a reward. This can be so helpful if you have a missing hen. Walk your yard, shake, and call and you may find a few stragglers running up to you.
For years we used a ladder as our chicken roost with smaller skinnier boards for the hens to stand on, but I knew I needed to fix what we had. Those ladders although nice, did take up quite a bit of room in our chicken coop. I also later found out that the rungs were not the correct size for our chickens to roost comfortably. (Read more on this below)
Another issue we had was our flock was much bigger now than it was before and we needed to give them more space to move around without the risk of fighting. That meant finding a different way to build a roost up high so we could free space down low.
If you have a small flock you can easily use the ladder roost in the picture below. It is simple to build and will hold quite a few hens easily.
I was not a fan of the ladder roost, however, because it was difficult to clean underneath each morning. This is called “spot cleaning” a coop and it is important if you want a cleaner coop or if you use the deep litter method in the winter. Here’s a tip if you are new to chickens, they poop….a lot. and in order to keep cleanup easier, no matter what roost you choose you will want to put a board of some sort below them to catch any debris they leave overnight. I call these “scrape boards” and each morning you can remove and scrape the debris right into your compost pile. This will eliminate the smell and mess of a coop for much longer allowing you to only need a full cleanout 2 times a year. When we had the ladder roosts, I had a board under each and that meant I needed a bit of tricky maneuvering to get each board out without spilling its contents. Just something to keep in mind before you settle on a roost design for your setup.
Let’s go over the basics and what you need to build a roost for your flock.
Chicken Roosts – Building a DIY Chicken Roost
What size is best for the rungs on the chicken roost?
Chicken roost bars or rungs should be at least 2″ wide, but 4″ is better. Chickens are not like most birds meaning they do not use their feet to grip their roosts. What that means is, that they prefer to sleep flat-footed rather than wrapping their feet around the bar or branch. If you have a small number of birds, a simple step ladder will work just fine since the stairs are the perfect size for roosting, however, you will want to make sure it is secure to the coop floor and there is no risk of it toppling over. You can also use a 2×4 board set in between two cinder blocks.
For our current DIY chicken roost, Hubby used a newly purchased 2×2 for the base of our roost giving our hens a nice wide area to perch on. Once we widen the perch area we found our hens took to it quite naturally. Most of our new roost was made with scraps of wood we had lying around our property. As a homesteader, we are always trying to reuse items from home before heading out to buy. Repurposing is a large component of a homesteader’s lifestyle. Yes, it may take a bit more work to convert something old into something new but I feel the money saved is worth the extra effort.
How high should a chicken roost be?
There is basically no set requirement for the height of a roost. The purpose is simply to get your chickens up off of the ground so they feel safe while sleeping. This can be anywhere from 6 inches to 6 feet and will all depend on the room you have available inside of your coop. You can make your roosts at any height, just know if you choose to do a higher roost you will want to give your chickens easy access up and down. Since our roost is over 3′ high we made a ladder made from repurposed materials that we got from the old chicken roost to build a ladder to our new one.
In the beginning, we found many of our hens used the ladder to get up to the roost but as time wore on and our hens got used to the new layout they tended to prefer flying up and down rather than using the ladder.
To build the access ramp for the new chicken roost, we used the old ladder roost to create the steps on a board we had in the barn. The runs gave them a bit of security as they walked up the ladder that took them to the top where we had a small platform for them to turn around on.
Each individual board was screwed on to the mainboard to create steps up the ramp. The ends were then trimmed off and we filed down any sharp points.
Once finished, we had a ladder-style ramp that the girls could use to gain easier access to the new chicken roost.
SLCG PRO TIP: To encourage our chickens to use our new DIY chicken roost ladder I sprinkled scratch onto the individual steps. This taught a few to walk up pecking at grain along the way. Eventually, as with most flocks, the other hens followed the leaders. Today all the hens use the ladder without hesitation.
Finally, the ladder needed to have a landing. The reason Hubby did this was to make it easier for the hens to move around once at the top. Since we have quite a few chickens in our coop it was important to ensure we had plenty of room for everyone. (read more on this below) Remember the more room you have the less you will have to deal with bullying and henpecking of smaller and/or weaker hens.
Since we have quite a large flock, we needed our DIY chicken roost to span two sides of our coop. With the little landing, the hens can now climb to the top and choose which way to head off and roost.
How much spacing do you need for your hens on a chicken roost?
When you build a roost you should try for at least 8″ per hen. In the winter you will be amazed at how they prefer to snuggle up. In the summer, however, chickens will spread out and use most of the space available. If you are housing a lot of chickens in your coop you will need a roost that allows for plenty of space for each hen.
If you find some of your hens sleeping on the ground and not on the chicken roost you will want to find out why. It is either because there is not enough room on the roost or your chickens do not like the setup you have. This was the case for our roost as it was all on one level. Chickens have a hierarchy that is established on a multilevel roost. The top hens get the top location while the lower-ranking hens are at the very bottom. In our case, we added in a second roost to allow for enough room or another type of roost for the chickens to use.
For our newest chicken roost, we found 1 hen that refused to use it. Rather than try to force her I added a small step ladder to our coop. She now prefers to roost on the ladder and is no longer on the ground where she is not safe. Another advantage to having the ladder is our rooster. Some roosters prefer to sleep “below” the hens so they can better keep a protective eye on the flock. By having the ladder with the different levels our rooster can sleep on the bottom rung which helps him to feel safe while still keeping an eye on the rest of the flock.
SLCG PRO TIP: If this was a younger hen I would have worked with her to get her used to the new roost. How to do that is to put her on the roost after DARK (not dusk) when it is easy to pick up and move chickens. After a few evenings of this, she would have learned the workings of the roost and felt comfortable enough to use it on her own. However, since we plan to sell her in a couple of months there was no reason to do the training and the ladder solved the issue without stressing her out.
It is important to know your animals and work with them through reinforced training rather than forcing them to do or learn anything. Once you begin forcing you will lose the trust of your animals. If you want to train any animal trust is always the first step, while using food as a positive reinforcement. Gain their trust no matter what type of animal they are. This trust will make it easier for you to touch them and pick them up which is necessary for first aid and other hands-on work.
How the pecking order in a chicken flock works.
As you probably already know there is a pecking order for chickens and nowhere is this more evident than on a roost. Usually, the more dominant hens will be on the highest rungs with the smaller, less aggressive birds down lower. The trick to keeping things calm and peaceful for your flock is to ensure you have plenty of room for your entire flock to use the roost comfortably. This is true not only in the chicken coop, but also outside in the run, and yes on the roost itself.
READ: HOW TO DETER HENPECKING IN YOUR FLOCK
For this reason, the ladder-style DIY chicken roost is the most commonly found in most coops. Ladders will give each chicken in your flock a spot to roost safely from both predators and other aggressive chickens. If you try the one-level roost that I talked bout above and find hens sleeping down on the floor, you can add in a step ladder to give everyone a place to roost safely.
Where should you place your chicken roost?
You will want to put your DIY chicken roost in the area of the coop where the weather will not get to them. If you live in a cold area, then the wall that is away from the wind will give you a warmer spot for your flock. If you live in a hotter climate then you may want to put your roost close to a door or window to allow some cool air to get in. Since we live in northwest Pennsylvania the cold and wind can be brutal in the colder months, so for our setup that means our roost is best on the wall that is away from the wind and located as far away from the doors as possible.
Next up, we are going to talk about poo again. You may not realize it, but hens poo when they sleep A LOT. And in the beginning, I was shocked at just how much. Even today I just cannot believe the piles I am greeted with each morning. Keep this little tidbit in mind when you choose your chicken roost location. As I talked about above, I like to keep a “scrape board” below my roost for easier cleanup. A scrape board is simply a small piece of scrap wood that you place under the roost meant to catch any debris that falls. It is best to clean any scrape boards every morning at chore time. Simply go in and carry your boards as you would a pizza, being sure not to tip it knocking off your collection of pooh. You can then scrape it into your compost pile or a corner of your garden to be used later on. As you are scraping the board takes the time to inspect what you are scraping. Runny, slimy, or sticking manure is a sign that a hen is sick and a clue that you will want to investigate further to see which hen or hens are acting off.
SLCG PRO TIP: Do not put fresh manure of any kind next to the plants in your garden because it will burn and damage your plants. Let it sit in a pile or in your compost bin until it is ready to use.
READ: HOW TO COMPOST IN YOUR OWN BACKYARD
Another tip is to be sure your scrape board is smaller than the coop’s door. Funny story….the first time I took my scrape board out to clean it off into my compost pile, I walked right into the door frame, and (you guessed it) the board hit me right in the chest with all the pooh and mess. Not my finest moment. Having scrape boards will really help to keep the coop cleaner cutting down on mites and other bugs not to mention the smell. Remember, a clean coop will keep your chickens healthier, and promoting good health is so much easier than treating a sick chicken or flock.
With our newest roost, I found my hens did not sleep facing into the center of the coop. This surprised me a bit seeing that they preferred to roost facing the back wall. So when I saw our new ladder invention covered in poo that first morning I was pretty surprised to see it. After a bit, I realized this was actually a “good thing”. That ladder now doubles as a scraping board and gathers up the mess quite nicely from the night before. Although my hens do use the ladder to get up to the high roost they do not use it to get down. So, there is no worry about them stepping in piles of poo the following morning.
Why is the chance of chickens stepping in pooh such a big deal? Dirty feet can lead to dirty eggs and the risk of dirty yolks if not cleaned properly. For that reason, always try to keep the coop clean so the eggs, in turn, stay clean as well. To clean the ladder I cut a “V” in a plastic bucket. This “V” allows the bucket to fit up snugly with the ladder making scraping from each rung much easier to do. Less falls on the floor and that means more mess leaves the coop.
No matter which scrape board you use, a paint scraper, like this one, is one tool you will want to have in your coop.
With so many families trying out their hand at homesteading raising chickens is a wonderful way to get started. If you are new to chickens you will need just a bit more information besides setting up a roost.
Backyard Chickens 101
FhighHOW TO BUILD YOUR OWN NESTING BOXES
HOW TO DEAL WITH A SICK CHICKEN
HOW TO CONVERT A SHED INTO A CHICKEN COOP
ADDING A ROOSTER TO YOUR CHICKEN FLOCK
Yes, there is a lot that goes into raising chickens but once you have an idea of what they need and how to keep them safe and healthy you are good to go. Read the above articles for a pretty good overview and you won’t be caught off guard.
Chickens are a fun way to add livestock to your home and a great learning tool for children. Do your homework and ask questions so you are ready for a long and happy relationship with your hens. As with all animals promoting healthy livestock through safe and clean housing and healthy fresh food and water is the best approach to raising chickens that lay loads of eggs.
Do you have a DIY chicken roost in your coop? Leave me a comment, I would love to hear from you!
Thanks Tracy Lynn. I love this style roosting bar. I need to find a good place to add another roosting bar in my coop for additional chicks someday. I know the established gals probably won’t share! 🙂
What about “How much space per chicken?” or “how wide should the wood be that their feet are on?”
You know what? You are absolutely right! I went back in a added the missing info along with some other useful information. I am so glad you pointed it out to me.
Have a wonderful day!
This is a good post and thoughtful to the chicken. Although, I recommend a step (hop) ladder (3 steps, 12 inch wide, 32 inches high) that leads up to a lower run ( 10 inch jump) 4 inch wide (for walking along so they can decide where they fit on the higher run and or where they can wait in line) The higher run (a step higher), where they will sleep. You could also hang a mesh cradle from the run to collect droppings and scrape droppings off the run each night when putting them to bed. You can slip a garden tray with mesh under the step ladder so there is no droppings they would walk in. Chickens like clean feet and they like to cover their feet under their feathers when they sleep, to keep warm and per instinct ( rodents don’t bite their toes) Offer a two inch depth run vs a 4 inch depth run and they will choose the 2 inch. If you hang a curtain valance right above the run 8 to 12 inches from the wall…they will love dipping their head under the valance and snuggling down with just their behinds poking through. the valance drapes over their body like a skirt. They prefer facing the wall as a warmer gathering place in cold weather when they have a curtain. And of course always use sand for the flooring on cement block. Don’t keep water in the henhouse it will spill and cause mildew, but make sure you get up with the chickens so they can drink and eat first thing in the morning.
These are all really great tips and most work well especially in smaller coops. For us, not having access to water 24/7 is not an option with our large flock. By using a rubber water bowl that is raised up and still weighted down, spilling does not happen. Also, I do agree with the different heights and the wide size of the roost surface. So many folks believe chickens prefer rods to roost on and that simply is not true. They like to be flat-footed and for that reason, a wider board is a better option. The curtain is a cute idea and would again be great for a smaller coop with fewer birds.
What is that metal bar called that y’all used to hold the roost to the side of the coop? I’ve been looking for something like that but don’t know what to search.
That is called an L Bracket.
How much head run do you need for chickens on a roost?
I know it varies with type of chicken, but say red island red?
I am assuming when you say “head run” you mean space for each chicken on the roost itself? If that is correct, then the answer is 6-10 inches per chicken.
I hope this helps