Oh, my it has been hot up here in the hills! When you wake up at 6 AM in Northwestern PA to temperatures already in the mid 70’s oh and let’s not forget to add in a little humidity that you can literally cut with a knife, then you know you are pretty much guaranteed a hot day ahead.
I have learned over the years how to keep our family here cool without running up the electric bill, but my poor animals needed help now as well. These tips will help you to keep animals cool in hot weather.
Heat can kill especially in the southern states so it is important to know what you should and should not do with your animals when you want to cool them down.
How To Keep Animals Cool In Hot Weather
How to Keep Pigs Cool
Oh, my poor pig.
She is warm on a cool day, so when it’s hot we do our best to keep her cool in the summer heat. Since pigs do not have sweat glands they are unable to sweat and release internal heat. Pigs also have smaller lungs limiting their ability to pant. This makes pigs much more prone to heat stress.
This is why pigs love to roll in the mud. Having a nice layer of cool mud really helps to cool them down and also protects them from sunburn.
Yes, pigs, especially light-colored pigs, can get sunburn and pretty quickly too.
Since we prefer to keep our pigs inside of the barn we like to run a fan on them at all times. This really helps them to cope better with the heat.
We also keep our pigs in the coolest section of the barn that gets the least amount of sun.
Access to fresh and clean water is essential for her and also helps to encourage plenty of drinking. If you notice your animals are not drinking as much water as they should, you may want to clean out their water dish or water system.
To make sure she is also eating enough we prefer to feed more often and in smaller amounts.
Too much food on a super hot day is not something a pig enjoys so by giving smaller portions of her feed more often she will continue to gain weight all summer long.
You may want to opt for a continuous feeder. This allows your pigs to eat whenever they feel the need. If you choose this way of feeding it is important to monitor the level of feed inside daily to be sure they are eating enough.
Each evening we like to take our pigs out for nice long walks in the cool grass. We will even include a little play time in the water with a spray down from the hose.
Caution: If you hose your pigs down during the heat of the day always start at the rump and move your way up to their heads. Sudden cold water on a hot pig’s head can cause shock or even death so please be extra careful.
Finally, cool treats like watermelon, frozen fruits and veggies are not only yummy but will help to cool them down as well.
How to Keep Chickens Cool
Just like with pigs, chickens also cannot sweat.
Panting or fanning out their feathers helps to release some of that heat. It is important to make sure your hens have a shady area available.
If you don’t have a tree over your run, then a tarp can work just as well. Your goal is to give a space for your animals to get out of the direct sunshine while still allowing for good airflow.
As with all animals, water is the key to keeping cool. For my chickens, I like to have more than one source of water. There is water inside of the coop, one inside of their run and another outside under a shade tree if they are free-ranging that day.
The rule of thumb here is you can never have too much water out for your chickens.
Chickens are forgetful, especially when scratching for bugs and worms. If the water is out of sight they will not go looking for it. For this reason, I like to have several options always close by for my hens.
A great treat for chickens is frozen fruit and veggies especially in the afternoon when things are really cooking. This is an excellent way to get rid of those watermelon rinds, apple peels, or leftover vegetables from last nights dinner.
Just have a bag in your freezer that you can add to and give to your chickens on a warm afternoon.
Since your hens will spend quite a bit of time inside of the coop you will want to make sure you have good ventilation and air flow. Stagnant air is bad any time of the year, so clean your vents and keep windows and doors free from debris.
READ: HOW TO CONVERT A SHED INTO A CHICKEN COOP
How to Keep Ducks Cool
Ducks are a lot like chickens so much so that we house and raise ours altogether. The main difference is that ducks love the water and will gladly spend their days there. Because of this, they are usually cool even on the hottest days.
If you don’t have a pond, no worries. A small pool will work just fine for a couple of ducks.
The main tip here is to change your water so it doesn’t get too filthy (ducks are far from neat) and to make sure you have it under some sort of shade so the water does not heat up.
How to Keep Goats Cool
Luckily goats are all able to sweat and pant so they always tend to cope with the heat a bit better. With that being said, I still like to take precautions.
We like to have good strong fans in the barn to push the hot air through. By suspending fans from the ceilings you will help with air flow which is incredibly important in a stuffy barn.
My bucks who are housed outdoors must have a shelter that will get them out of the sun. We also have a nice shade tree that we keep mowed down tight as a reprieve to get to while grazing.
A note of warning here.
Goats love to eat the bark off of trees. If you have a favorite near your goats take the time to put protection up around the base to save the bark and your tree.
Goats can be incredibly picky and will not drink water if it is dirty, warm, or stale. For this reason, it is best to change the water out a few times especially on hot days.
An annoying chore? Maybe but if you want healthy goats it is incredibly important to remember….water, water, water. Keep it fresh and keep it cool.
Again if you graze your animals you will want to have several options both inside and outside of your barn or goat shelter.
Want to do just a little bit more? Add some ice cubes! Goats love to play and it’s comical to see them dunking for cubes while they are drinking.
Finally, with my dairy gals, I like to shave them at the beginning of summer. Yep, shave them all the way down. I do this while they are eating in the milk stand and use my pet clippers (people ones are not quite durable enough) leaving the attachment off.
I do one side at a time so it does take a few days to get everyone done but this will really do a lot to keep them cool. No one wants a winter coat during the summer and having all that hair off is something they love. No more fence itching!
How to keep animals cool in the summer – final tips
Tip #1 Offer Fresh Water Throughout the Day
Change out warm water several times on a very hot day. Yes I know, it takes extra time to change the water out but this one small step can keep your animals cool and healthy.
Tip #2 Keep Things Clean
At least weekly wash out your water bowls, jugs, or buckets. You will be amazed at how finicky some animals can be and simply by washing things out a bit, you will encourage them to drink more.
You know it’s funny, but my goats will rush me when I come out with clean fresh buckets and drink and drink and drink.
Tip #3 Watch for Signs of Distress
No one is around your animals as much as you are, if any of them are acting off even in the slightest way do not delay to investigate.
Heat stress can kill an animal quickly, so be aware of any changes in your animals no matter how subtle. A few things to watch out for.
- Not eating
- Not grazing
- Not keeping with the herd or the flock
- Acting loopy, walking in circles, or stumbling
Tip #4 Provide a Shaded Area
Make sure your outdoor animals have a shaded area out of the direct sun. You can use a tarp, sheet of plywood or anything that will provide some sort of relief.
If you have a tree that they can get under that will usually be enough. As an added step keep a bowl of water under that tree as well.
Tip #5 Get those Fans Moving
Sometimes it is necessary to call in backup. If you have electricity inside of your coop or shelter you may want to hang a few fans to get the airflow moving. We used to use inexpensive box fans but have found that better quality barn fans do a much better job.
Each spring we hose the fans down and let them dry in the sun. That is pretty much all the maintenance you need to help them last.
You would be amazed at how it helps even when the air is hot and thick.
Remember your animals depend on you for their comfort and safety. By taking a few precautions and learning to read your animals for any changes you will go a long way to keeping them healthy and happy.
Tip #6. Touch your Animals
Animals are pretty good at masquerading their illnesses or injuries. For that reason, I really like to be as hands-on with them as they will allow. Pet them, hold them, feel them. Sometimes a change in body condition is the only cue you will have of something being wrong. For that reason, I like to hold my chickens, pet my goats, scratch my pigs.
Now it’s your turn.
What tricks have you learned to help keep your animals cool in hot weather? Please share below, I would love to hear from you!