Setting Up A DIY Brooder Box For Ducklings

Before you bring home your first ducklings you will want to be sure you have their housing all ready for their arrival. Today we are going to talk about how to set up a DIY brooder box for ducklings so you can dive into the fun and quirky world of raising ducks. 

diy baby chick brooder

I love all babies, but there is nothing quite as adorable as baby ducklings. There is just something about their little quack and too big for them feet that tugs at my heart begging to take a few of them home. And in the spring, ducks and chicks are in the feed stores tempting me on each and every visit. Before you head out of the store with your own box full of cuteness, you will want to set up a home for them first. 

baby ducklings in a DIY brooder boxDisclaimer: In accordance with FDA guidelines, the information and products offered on this website are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. I am not a medical professional. Before administering any medications to your animals please contact a veterinarian first. 

I have been raising baby chicks for just short of a decade and I seem to have things down to a good system. Baby ducks, on the other hand, are a completely different story and the setup I have for my chicks is not a good system for ducklings. 

Ducklings are messy. 

They just can’t help it. 


They are a bit clumsy in the beginning as well. For that reason, you will need a setup that will keep things neat, unless you are going to clean their box out daily.

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And if you are anything like me, then you do not have time to clean a full box out every single day.

This system will keep the cleaning down to a minimum, provide a dry box that will keep the stink down, and a safe environment for your ducks who have not quite grown into their feet just yet. 

Ducks are messy, they just can’t help it. Their bills shower water all over their neighbors and the box every time they take a drink. It just comes with the territory.

ducklings drinking from water dish

So, if you are using a cardboard box as your brooder box, you will want to do a little prep work to help keep the water better contained. 

How to Setup a DIY Brooder Box for Ducklings

Step #1  Gather your supplies.

There are a few things you will need before you start setting things up. Most items you might have on hand, but the rest you will want to purchase so you have your setup ready before you bring your ducklings home. 

  Duckling Brooder Supply List:

Cardboard box

Duckling or Chick feed – Be sure it is a “Starter” feed and that you can feed to ducklings.

Bedding – Wood shavings work best.

Empty milk or plastic jug

Cooling rack – If the holes are large you will need two.

Baking sheets

Feeder – You can also use a bowl but I find these feeders much neater. 

Thermometer – To regulate the temperature of the brooder box. 

Heat lamp – Be sure you have one with a guard and a clamp. 

Heat bulb

DIY duck brooder. create a simple brooder before you bring home your baby ducklings

Step #2  Choose a location.

Ducklings are fragile and need to be kept in a location that is safe from pets and young hands. An out of the way place works best. Choose an area that is low traffic so there is not a risk of bumping the box. We like to keep our baby ducks and chicks in our basement in an enclosed room. This keeps our dog away from the ducklings as well.

If you live in the north, don’t worry too much about the cold. Heat lamps are part of any setup with ducks or chicks and they will keep your DIY brooder box toasty warm even if the outside temp is cold.

Disclaimer: Please note that heat lamps are a fire hazard and if not secured or installed properly can be a fire hazard. Because of this it is incredibly important to use discretion when adding one to your brooder box. Take every precaution possible to ensure you have the lamp secure so it will not come in contact with the box or the bedding. 

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Step #3  Set up your box.

Make sure your box is large enough to hold your ducklings. A good rule of thumb is 1-1.5 square feet per duckling. (Chicks require less). If the box you have is smaller, just know you will need to increase the size as your ducklings grow. And be prepared, because they grow fast. 

Next, add a layer of wood shavings to the bottom of the box. This will help to keep things clean for the ducklings and make it easier for you to keep things neat as well. 

a cardboard box with a bag of wood shavings

SLCG PRO TIP:  HEADS UP! Using wood shavings is dusty, more than you might imagine. Maybe not as much with ducklings but with chicks the dust can be horrible. So keep that in mind when choosing a location for your brooder box. You will have dust on the walls and any bare surface that is close by. 

Step #4  Add the feed and water.

I mentioned before that ducks are messy and this is a step you will want to follow to help keep your brooder box neat and dry. I use a simple baking sheet or pan topped with a cooling rack. On top of this set-up, you will put the food and water. This allows any spilled water to be caught in the tray keeping the box dry. You can find baking sheets and cooling racks at the dollar store. 

SLCG PRO TIP:  Make sure you choose a cooling rack with small openings so your duckling’s small webbed feet do not fall through risking injury. The rack I have does have large holes so to fix this I purchased a second one and staggered it keeping the walking area much easier for the little ducks.  

diy brooder box for baby ducklings. DIY brooder box for ducklings

Step #5  Create a foolproof water system. 

Ducks are messy, I think I might have mentioned this before? πŸ™‚ Especially when they drink.

I am not sure what they do but water tends to spray everywhere when they are drinking. To fix this, I like to create an enclosed container for the water. This way when they shake their heads and flap their bills the water stays somewhat contained. Just cut a hole in a cleaned out milk jug or another plastic container. Make sure it’s low enough so the ducks can reach the water, yet high enough that the water does not spill out easily. 

SLCG PRO TIP: As your ducklings grow you will need to raise up the hole as well. I would create a new waterer after a few weeks to keep things dry inside your box. 

You will also want to put a few cleaned rocks inside of the jug again to keep the ducks from splashing too much. This also keeps the water container from being spilled or knocked over. 

a large brown duckling drinking water from a water jug

Step #6  Add the food.

I am sure there are homemade ways to feed your ducks, but I love the plastic chick feeders the best. They are neat, easy to clean and very durable. At just a few dollars they will last for years and work for both ducklings and chicks. 

Fill up your container and place it on the tray next to the water if there is enough room. If not, you will want to find a small wood block to put the feeder on. This just holds the food up a bit to keep any soiled bedding out. 

baby duck housing system

Step #7  Heat things up.

Disclaimer: Heat lamps are a fire hazard so make sure you purchase one with a guard like the one shown. Also, use every precaution to ensure your lamp will not come in contact with paper or the ducklings themselves. These lamps are HOT and will do damage quite quickly. Make sure the clamp is secured in a way that it cannot be jiggled loose.

This step is important and one where you will want to take your time. The goal is to create a warm home for your young ducklings while they learn to adjust to your temperatures. A good rule of thumb is 90 degrees to start for very young ducklings and you can decrease it every few days as they learn to adapt. 

The best way to do this is with a heat lamp, but I cannot stress this enough. 

Heat lamps are dangerous and if not set up correctly can start a fire quickly. Make sure to use all precautions when setting yours up and make sure you have things secured before walking away. I purchase lamps with both a faceguard and a sturdy clamp.

Both features allow me to really secure the lamp so there is no risk of it being knocked down falling inside of the brooder. I also like to go one step further and put a wire rack over the brooder box to “stop” the lamp if it should fall. 

Why do you need a lamp?

Ducklings and chicks need to be warm since they are not with their mother. The lamp will give sufficient heat even on the coldest days. 

SLCG PRO TIP:  Use a thermometer to register the heat in your brooder. Try to get close to 90 F the first week then adjust it by 5 degrees each week until the temperature matches the outside temp. This will help your ducklings adjust slowly to the normal temp. 

how warm to make your duckling brooder. DIY brooder box for ducklings

If you see your ducklings huddled directly under the heat lamp then you know the brooder box may be too cold and you will want to adjust things accordingly. If you see your ducklings far away from the heat lamp then the brooder box may be too warm and again you will want to adjust the lamp. If, however, your ducklings are scattered like in the picture above, then you know you have the perfect temperature for your duck’s home. 

Step #8  Add your ducklings to your DIY brooder!

Now for the fun part! 

Add your ducks one at a time to your DIY brooder box. You will want to keep an eye on them to be sure they are adjusting well to their new home.

A few additional things to watch out for are:  

  1. Make sure the brooder is safe. Ducklings will quickly find the holes in your system. If you see an area that needs fixing you can do it right away before any of your ducklings get hurt. 
  2. Food and Water. Watch to see that all your baby ducks can easily find and use the feeder and waterer. If they are not, then try dipping their bill into the water to let them know where it is. If one duckling is finding the food and water that is usually enough for the rest to find it as well.
  3. Health. You can watch each duckling for any health issues. This is a good habit to get into to during food and water changes. Watch how they walk, eat, drink, and interact. If you see anyone with a problem then you can deal with the issue before it gets out of hand. 

If you find you have a duckling that is acting off or walking differently, you can read HERE for tips. Know what to look for and what you can do to help before things go too far. 

Ducklings are a joy to have on any homestead. 

yellow duck in a diy duck brooder


Their quirky antics and personalities give a spark of fun you will enjoy every day. They are low maintenance, lay HUGE eggs, and help protect the coop with their warning calls. I encourage you to add a few to your home this season. 

Have you tried this DIY brooder box for ducklings? If so, leave a comment below on how it worked for you. I would love to hear! 


  1. Very informative. Thank you. Do the ducks like to eat strawberries too?

      1. I love this idea, but I do have a question. I thought even young ducklings needed water they could β€œplay” in. Not enough they could swim but just enough to wade, dip their head/bills in. Is this jug method enough for that? Or at least enough to satisfy all the ducklings needs?

        1. Hello, Heidi!
          I use a chick waterer if I only have chicks in my brooder. They do not play in it but they do drink it. A roost is a better addition to a chick brooder as that is something they do enjoy playing on.

          Tracy Luynn

    1. Believe it or not but my ducks loves cranberries, pumpkin and their absolute favorite is watermelon.

  2. Allison Boyett says:

    Thank you so much for these tips. I just read through them thoroughly and can’t wait to add some babies to our fam. This will be a first so I’m hoping all goes well. Going to get supplies listed this afternoon.

  3. Thank you for all of your help. Great ideas. I am just setting up an area for my baby ducks that are arriving later this week.

  4. Rose Thomas says:

    I purchased a large 40-gallon rubber water tank for my duckling brooder and it was the best decision ever. I use the water and food set up that you have and place a small puppy pad underneath for easy cleanup in case of messy bills and spills. Pine pellets on the side with the heat lamp and we are golden! I empty the water pan and replace the puppy pad daily and the pine pellets once a week. No smell and happy ducklings!

    1. Jennifer Conti says:

      I also saw someone use a big rubbermaid containers instead of a box. How many weeks did it last you until the ducklings grew out of it? Or, were you able to keep them in it until they were ready for the outside?

      1. Oh, Ducklings grow up quickly! I was able to keep them in that box for just a few short weeks until I needed to move them outside. The higher the sides, the longer you can keep them in the temporary box. Remember before moving them outside, be sure the temperatures are safe for them to adapt to.

        Good Luck!
        Tracy Lynn

  5. My ducks will only eat horse feed. Its crazy but they love it. My female duck Sunflower has just laid her first two eggs and they are doing great. 26 days left until they are supposed to hatch!

  6. My duckling is eating too fast and not drinking enough water to where the chick feed is getting stuck and she is throwing up. I am trying to feed her a little at time to make sure she doesn’t get like that again bc when her neck gets swollen it scares me and I rub it downwards like I read but it seems like she is starving and I feel like she is eating a good amount but now I have to portion it so the food can digest properly and I am scared that I am doing it all wrong. Could I please get some insight. I am really worried about Ollie and I don’t want to do anything to harm her.

    1. Hello, Nicole!
      I am sorry that Ollie is having problems eating. What type of feed are you giving her? Is it pellets? If not you may want to feed her separately and give her a different form of feed to help.
      Tracy Lynn

  7. Thank you for these tips. I’m expecting my 4 Khaki Campbells any day now and you helped me with my brooder set-up immensely!

  8. Ducks definitely make a bigger mess than chicks… great tips for keeping their brooder box tidy! I saw you on the Homestead Hop!

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