How to Use Wood Ash On The Homestead

Sharing is caring!

If you are looking for ideas on what you can do with your collection of wood ash, we have a list for you that will cover your entire home and homestead. Get help on how to use wood ash in a beneficial way for both your animals and your gardens.

This is one of my favorite homesteading tips because it shows you how to turn trash into a real treasure.

Using wood ash in the garden

One of the best things about living a homesteader lifestyle is learning to look at things differently and finding a hidden treasure for what you once considered trash. Nothing resembles this more than ashes from burning wood during the winter.

What can you do with wood ash on the homestead? 

Well, more than you might think. In our home, our main source of heat is our wood-burning fireplace. This means I start a fire in September and keep it burning until May; well, at least it feels that way. 🙂

Hands cup wood ash, a handy ingredient to homesteading

Even though it takes about ten cords of wood to heat our home through the winter, the cost savings is still almost $1,500 a year. This amount is well worth the work of cutting and splitting the wood each summer. Especially since that job falls onto Hubby’s to-do list and not mine. 🙂

pile of split wood near a wood splitter


One of the downfalls of heating with wood is the large amount of wood ash that needs to be discarded throughout the winter.

For years, we would toss our cooled wood ash way back around our field. It was an awful chore actually, and walking that far in the dead of winter hauling a 10-pound bucket of wood ash through thick and deep drifts of snow was not anything we looked forward to.

Little did I know the many benefits of this overlooked treasure. Wood ash has many useful benefits from our plants to our livestock with a few unique uses as well. You can find useful ways to get a second life out of what you may up until now, considered trash.

A wood-burning fireplace creates a lot of wood ash

The Benefits Of  Using Wood Ash 

Before we dive into what to do with wood ash, let’s first go over the basics. This will help you to better understand what ash you can use and why.

What is wood ash?

Wood ash is basically the leftover materials that collect after burning wood. That means, if you heat your home with wood you may find yourself with an overabundance of wood ash material. Before you dump it out, let’s talk about why it’s so beneficial and where it will be most helpful. 

Why do plants like wood ash? 

Wood ash contains potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium.  Since the ash is from a plant itself (a tree), it is only natural that the ash would be a benefit to the new life of plants in your garden.

The fact that wood ash contains potassium, adding it to your soil will help to regulate your plant’s water balance. This is useful since the plant will be better protected from drought, frost, and even some diseases and pests.

Because the nutrient content of wood ash is low, you can use it directly on your plants without the risk of burning them.

Always be sure the ash is cooled completely before using.

READ: Lasagna Gardening for Beginners

What Are The Different Types Of Wood Ash?

It is important to know the wood that you burn so you can better decide how to use the ash it creates.

All ash is not created equal.

You will find five times the nutrients in hardwood than in soft. This means if you burn maple, elm, oak, or beech woods, you will have a much higher nutrient rate in your wood ash than if you burn pine or fir.

SLCG PRO TIP:  It is important to never use ash from chemically treated wood or from store-made slow-burning logs. This ash is not beneficial and should be disposed of accordingly.

It is always best to have a waste dump pile in your yard for items that should not go into your gardens or compost bin. This is a great place to toss weeds, diseased plants, and other poor yard and garden waste.

How much ash will I get from burning wood?

One cord of wood will produce approximately 25 pounds of wood ash.

Please note that the harder the wood, the more ash you will produce. This should give you some idea of what you will have so you can better determine where best to use it. 

A bucket of wood ash is ready for use on your homestead

Can you use ash in a gardeN?

Wood ash can be added directly to your garden soil to help improve your soil’s PH. It is always best to test your soil prior to doing this so you do not alter the PH too much.

It is not recommended that you add ash directly to seedlings since the salt found in the ash can damage your young and delicate plants. What you can do is work small amounts into the soil a short distance away from the base of established plants to ensure you are still providing the benefits without the risk of damage. 

How to Improve Your Garden’s Soil

Can you add wood ash to a compost pile?

Wood ash can also be added directly to your compost pile; however, it is best to add as you go rather than all at once. We like to dump each bucket after it cools onto our compost pile, allowing the snow and rain to work it into the rest of the pile.  

Scoop wood ash into your garden for healthier plants and soil

Since wood ash is alkaline, you do not want to raise the ph in your compost too much too quickly. Doing so may affect the bacteria and possibly the beneficial worms in your compost bin.

SLCG PRO TIP:  If you do add wood ash to your compost pile, be sure you mix the ash in a bit, so it spreads out more evenly.

This is true with anything you add to compost. Using your hands or a garden tool, spread out each new item you add to allow the material to compost down evenly.


Before we dive in, just know this is the way we use ash on our homestead. There may be other options out there as well, depending on where you live and what the weather is like. 

Area # 1. the garden

How it Helps: Adding wood ash to your garden will help to increase soil fertility and raise soil pH.

How to add: Dump the ash directly onto the ground in a sweeping motion to better help spread it out. Keep the ash close to the ground as you dump it to keep the dust to a minimum. Remember, slow and steady is best.  

You can also add the wood ash evenly throughout the winter and let it rest right on the snow.

In the spring, once you are able to work the soil, use a shovel or rototiller to finish mixing the ash into the ground. If you can allow the soil to rest for a few days before planting.

This helps the soil adjust before putting any plants or seeds into the ground. 

wood piles with a cat sitting on top

SLCG PRO TIP: Not all soil is created equal. Before adding ANYTHING to your soil, it is super important to test first. Too much of a good thing can quickly hurt your plants. Always test, add, then test again.

You can use a simple soil test kit or take a sample to your extension office for more thorough testing. 

Be sure to make a note of any adjustments, soil readings, and other helpful information to your current garden notes. If you have not yet started a gardening journal you can purchase our starter journal at 47% off!

Area #2. Organic pest control

How it Helps: Use dry ash around your plants as a temporary deterrent for slugs and snails. You can store ash that is completely cooled in a metal can to use when the weather warms up.

Please be sure to take every precaution when working with wood ash. When in doubt, wait (even) longer to ensure that the ash is completely cooled. 

How to Add: Using a shovel sprinkle a layer of ash around the base of your plants that tend to get invaded by slugs. Do not apply on a rainy day. Add more each morning after the dew has dried off. 

Remember that once the ash gets wet, it will no longer be effective in deterring pests, but it will still benefit the soil. Just work the old into the ground before you add more.

a large stack of logs

Area #3.  The compost bin/pile. 

How it Helps: Adding wood ash to your compost pile can help to create better conditions for worms. This will speed up decompositions. Since wood ash is alkaline, you can balance the acidity in your compost by adding it in. If you are using a plastic composter be sure the ash is 100% cooled before adding it in. 

Make sure you add your ash in a thin layer over the top rather than all at once in a large clumpy pile. This will keep the worms and the bacteria happier. 

How to add: Take your bucket of ash and shake it onto your pile. Next, use a pitchfork, rake, or shovel and work it in a bit, especially if you are adding quite a bit. 

SLCG PRO TIP: When dumping wood ash, you will need to keep your face away from the dust, so you do not breathe it in. You can wear a mask or a face bandana over your mouth and nose while dumping. 

Click here to subscribe

Area #4.  for roses and other flowers. 

How it helps: Adding a bucket of wood ash to your flower beds, especially around your rose bushes, can be super beneficial.  

Roses LOVE wood ash.

How to add: Using a hand shovel, put a few scoops around your plants and work it into the ground with a hand rake being careful not to damage any roots of the plants. 

How to use wood ash to grow better roses

Area #5. As a natural fertilizer

How it Helps: Wood ash is not only great in your garden soil, but for your vegetable plants as well.

How to Add: To add wood ash to your garden, use your hand shovel to add a thin layer around the outside base of your plants. 

Do not use wood ash around any young and fragile plants. Since the potassium found in the wood ash can burn young plants, it is best to wait until they are a bit older. 

Use your hand rake to work it into the soil a bit. If you are having a problem with slugs on your vegetable plants, keep the ash more solid on the ground to keep slugs away. You can also add a lid of beer to attract the slugs away from your plants and into the beer. Just dump out and refresh this simple trap as needed. 

a hand holding soil in a flower pot

Area #6.  In place of lime in a barn

How it Helps: Since wood ash contains a good amount of calcium, it can be used in the place of lime as the calcium helps to increase the pH of acidic soil, as well as lime does.

How to Add: Sprinkle wood ash in any areas of soil where you had planned to use lime. Just know that you may need twice as much since the nutrient content is low.

a barn stall with sawdust and lime on the ground

Area #7.  with backyard chickens

This might be my favorite place to use wood ash.

How it Helps: If you have chickens, you know how beneficial a dust bath is. Wood ash is great in a chicken dust bath, and I like to have a supply that I can use throughout the summer. 

How to Add: Sprinkle wood ash inside your chicken coop or chicken run if you do not have dust baths set up. Dig a shallow hole and break up the dirt into the fine ground with your shovel. Add the wood ash and gently mix it into the dirt. Just replenish as needed in your dust bath mixture. 

Instant chicken dust bath! 

Chickens using wood ash for a dust bath


#8.  Use wood ash when you get stuck.

For my northern friends, I use it in a pinch to help get traction when stuck in the snow. I was able to try this out myself, and I am happy to report back that this little tip work amazingly well!

How it Helps: Wood ash can give your tires a nice grip on icy or slippery snow. 

How to Add: Just a small shovel of ash in front and back of each tire gave me enough traction to get out when I was stuck in my own driveway last winter.

SLCG PRO TIP: Do not use too much or you will have a mess in your driveway come spring. If you have a concrete driveway, you might want to remove it when you are done to keep the springtime mess down a bit. 

#9.  Wood ash for soap.

How it Helps: If you have ever touched and felt wood ash, then you know there is an abrasiveness there that is great for cleaning. But to make lye with your ash? That is something I have not tried. 

How to Add: You can read how to make soap here. It is surprisingly simple. 

You can also add a bit of water and use it to clean copper items. Add enough to make a paste and polish copper, so it looks new again. 

Where Not To Use Wood Ash

Before we finish up, it is important to know where NOT to use wood ash around your home and homestead.

Remember, not all plants are created equal, so double-check before you dump.

Do not use wood ash on Azaleas, Gardenias, peppers, Blueberries, or other acid-loving plants. Remember, wood ash is used to neutralize acidic soil, so keep it away from any plants that prefer acidic soil. 

You should also refrain from using wood ash in your garden where you plan to plant potatoes.  This may encourage potato scab and therefore is not recommended. Also, be very careful adding wood ash to very young and fragile plants.

a gloved hand sprinkling ash onto a plant in a garden


  • Shovel
  • Pitchfork – My favorite tool! 
  • Rake
  • Hand tools – Perfect for working wood ash into the soil around delicate plants. 
  • Ash Bucket – This is the same one we have had for 8+ years. The lid is nice if the ash is hot. 
  • Face Mask – Wood ash is dusty and can hurt your lungs. Always use protection. 
  • Eye Gear – Again, protect those eyes. 
  • Gloves – I have tried many pairs of gloves and these are by far my favorites. 
  • PH Soil Test – You don’t need anything expensive here, they all work great! 
  • Compost Bin – Especially nice if you are an Urban Homesteader
a bucket of wood ash sitting in a yard

Final tips for wood ash.

Ensure you do not leave your wood ash out in the rain before using it. Wet wood ash is not only difficult to work with, but it can cause the potassium to leach out.

Caution:  Please make sure your ash is completely cooled before using it. Coals can remain hot for days. Because of this, it is best to store your ash in a metal container to ensure it is completely cooled.  

Also, wear gloves and protective eye gear when handling the ash. Working with ash can be very dusty and can easily irritate your lungs and eyes.

Homesteading is all about using what you have on hand and leaving little to waste. Tap into this hidden resource of wood ash, and you will not be disappointed.

Do you have any tips on how to wood ash on your homestead? If so, please leave a comment below so I can add it to this post! 

More Homesteading Resources: 

Click here to subscribe



  1. I use wood ash in my chicken coop mixed with diatomaceous earth in our chickens dirt bath! Love it. Helps keeps mites down. I will be saving some for the garden now too. Thanks!

    1. Hi, Kari!

      I just love finding useful ways to use things and my chickens do too! Wood ash is wonderful and natural way to clean, that is why it was once (and still is) used to make soap. I just wonder what kind of person things…hmmmm, that ash would do great cleaning my dirty feet. 🙂

      Tracy Lynn

  2. These are some great tips on how to use ash. I didn’t realize all the benefits of it!

    1. Hi, Haley!
      Yes, for the longest time I also did not realize the benefits…..but I do now 🙂 I just love finding new uses for things I usually discard.
      Thanks for stopping by!
      Tracy Lynn

  3. Who knew? I’m passing this on to my mom who is a gardener and also has loads of ash to dispose of each winter. I think she’ll appreciate putting it to good use. Like me, I don’t think she’s ever heard of this. Talk about hidden treasure! Makes sense, though. Thanks for sharing! 🙂

    1. Hi, Monica,
      I am so happy you passed this on to your mom. She will love using it in her garden, especially if she has slugs like I do, it works great! Another tip is if your car gets stuck in your driveway, just place a couple of handfuls in front and in back of your tires. This will give just enough traction to get out! haha, discovered this tip a couple weeks ago. Remember, you will have to clean the ash up when the snow melts so don’t use too much!
      Nice to see you here 🙂
      Tracy Lynn

  4. Another cool thing that I have done with my Wood ash is to lightly wet a paper towel, dip it in my bucket of dry ash and clean the glass on the wood stove. It works like a charm!

  5. Kay Johnson says:

    Hey, another use for wood ash is to melt ice on driveway or sidewalks! Forget the salty ice melt you can spend money on and use free ash from fireplace! This works like a charm and is harmless to whatever it gets into, like grass or plants! And, it works quickly!

    1. Hello Kay,
      That is so funny you would mention this, just a week or so ago my son’s friend got stuck in our driveway. I was the only one here to help so we needed to come with a traction idea to help us out. I thought of the wood ash. I put a handful in front of and behind each tire, and you are so right, it worked like a dream! Thanks so much for the tip!
      Tracy Lynn

    2. one thing bad about it is that you track in to the house unless you remove your footwear before entering the house.

  6. We have three log burners and we really related to the carrying the wood ash outside! Very useful to us thank you.

  7. What about ash from pellet stoves? Does pellet stove ash have the same benefits?

    1. Hi Nicole,
      Unless you know the exact ingredients of your pellets, I would caution using them in the garden or in your compost pile. Most pellets are made from sawdust from furniture makers and lumber yards. I would hope there would not be additives in those pellets, but you just never know. If there is a way to see what all was used to make your pellets and you can verify it is strictly sawdust from untreated wood then I would think you can use them just the same.
      Sorry I cannot be of more help,
      Tracy Lynn

  8. Nancy Lisenby says:

    How about natural lump charcoal like used in a big green egg?

    1. Nancybell says:

      I don’t think lump charcoal would be good, its a petroleum product and might not be great for plants.

  9. Good information! Wear a dust mask, the PM10 gets lodged in your lungs if you breath it in. Wood ash can also be mixed in with cement, it will harden along with the concrete.

  10. You can use ashes to clean copper. Make a paste from the ashes and rub on the copper, amazing results. I used on and old copper boiler I had, it looks like new again.

    1. Hi, Phyllis,
      I just love this tip and I can’t wait to try it out! Thanks so much for stopping by and sharing. 🙂
      Tracy Lynn

  11. Love your tips. I spread it over my garden in the winter but have also been reading about how to make lye from it. Haven’t ventured there yet. ;).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.